Mindfulness refers to bringing awareness to the present moment, and paying attention non-judgementally to your thoughts, emotions, behaviours and physical sensations, which in turn reduces distress while enriching your life.
When we don’t pay attention to the present moment, we go through life relatively absentmindedly, worrying about our pressures, responsibilities, relationships, dwelling on the past or planning. We often spend a lot of time wishing things to be different from how they are right now.
Mindfulness involves actively turning our attention to the present moment and becoming aware of what is unfolding. Mindfulness involves paying attention to whatever we are doing while we are doing it, and whatever we are experiencing while we are experiencing it. This leads to increased awareness and acceptance of thoughts and emotions without judgement rather than trying to debate, analyse or avoid them.
Mindfulness-based approaches are intended to teach people practical skills that can help with physical and psychological health problems and on-going life challenges. It combines ancient Buddhist practices and philosophy of mindfulness, with modern Psychology. The two main approaches that have been developed in recent years are Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and have evidence based.